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Ocean City

The History of Ocean City, MD

From a fishing village
to today's oceanfront resort town
Read the fascinating story of our favorite town

An Isolated Fishing Village
the History of Ocean City, MD

How to find things to do in Ocean City with little or no costs

The history of Ocean City, MD is an interesting story.  It begins like this…

Once an isolated fishing village that has since grown into one of the east coast’s premier vacation destinations, Ocean City, Maryland has a wonderful and storied past. An Englishman named Thomas Fenwick,the namesake of the Delaware resort that borders Ocean City to the north, once owned the land where Ocean City now sits. All who are now involved in the city’s tourism today can look to, and thank, Isaac Coffin. As grandfather of the local tourism industry, Coffin attracted visitors came from all over the eastern seaboard looking to relax on the pristine beach, enjoy abundant fishing, and to collect seashells. At the time, the area was simply an undeveloped strip of sand, not the Ocean City, Maryland that we know today with its high-rise condominiums, amusements, shops, restaurants, and iconic Boardwalk.

First Beachfront Inn in Ocean City

During the early period, the appeal of Ocean City as a resort was largely in its natural beauty, and many came just to watch the waves breaking on the shore, view the sunset over the bay, or feel the winds of the sea rustling the dune grass. The first beachfront inn was made available to visiting guests in 1869. Shortly after this, the town was surveyed and the decision was made to develop 250 beachfront lots. The corporation that was formed to develop the land sold 4000 shares of stock at $25 each. Ocean City at this time was known as the “ladies resort to the ocean”.

A Brief History of Ocean City Maryland

Starting at the Beginning of Ocean City's History Most visitors must cross a bridge to get into Ocean City, either the Route 50 bridge at the southern end or the...

Ocean City Becomes a Tourist Destination Early

People begin to discover all that Ocean City, MD has to offer

The Atlantic Hotel & the Railroad

The Atlantic Hotel, for many years the northern-most attraction in Ocean City, was opened on July 4th of the year the resort was officially founded: 1875. It offered 400 rooms, billiards, and entertainment for gentlemen and offered the natural beauty of a small coastal town along the Atlantic Ocean. A railroad from Berlin was developed in 1878, which allowed travelers to cross the Sinepuxent Bay directly to the resort and the town was incorporated in 1880.

Ocean City as a Summer Resort

Ocean City was slowly developing during the interim years as a true summer resort.  In 1933 a major hurricane separated the resort from Assateague Island. The Army Engineer Corps that responded to the disaster had the foresight to see the merits of the stormed-carved inlet and reinforced it to make this new gateway between the Atlantic Ocean and the Sinepuxent Bay permanent. The inlet now is vital for allowing easy access to the Atlantic for fishing, boating, and other watersports.

Ocean City of Years Past

For many families, visiting Ocean City is a summer tradition. Some of the older folks who have been vacationing here for decades can still remember when the boardwalk wasn’t...

Bridging the Gap Between Yesterday and Today

What links Ocean City's History with Today

1950s and 1960s

In 1952 and 1964 respectively, the Chesapeake Bay Bridge and Chesapeake Bay Bridge Tunnel were completed. This increased access to the resort from the south and west and the fame of Ocean City as the Mid- Atlantic’s premier resort grew. The importance of these two gateways to the shore cannot be underestimated as prior to their completion the only access to the peninsula was by skirting the bay and descending on the resort from the north.


The Ocean City tourism industry exploded in the 1970s with high-rise condominium becoming the preferred form of architecture. This distinguishes Ocean City from the Delaware resorts to the north, which primarily offered small cottages at the time and now single-family homes are commonplace. Panoramic ocean views became a signature of Ocean City. In the 1980s and 1990s in lieu of scientific findings, the town began the first of a series of beach replenishment projects to combat a growing erosion problem. The westward movement of the coastline is countered by pumping massive amounts of sand from offshore onto the beach and re-establishing the dune line in front of Ocean City’s beachfront.

The Stormy Sixties at the Ocean City Museum

The Ocean City Life-Saving Station Museum recently opened a new temporary exhibit paying tribute to “The Stormy Sixties”. This display focuses on events, lifestyles and growth of that tumultuous...

Ocean City Today

Learning About Ocean City Today

From humble beginnings as a quiet ocean getaway, the resort has now grown to a booming vacation destination with a year round population of just over 7,000 residents and a transient population of over 300,000 on weekends during the summer season. The history of Ocean City is one of growth but also one of small town roots and Eastern Shore culture. Ocean City is the small town by the sea reborn as the famous resort destination in an endless cycle of summer and winter. The heart of the town is the ocean and its future is bound with the waves and winds that blow off the sea and its people. Today, Ocean City is most famous for its award-winning beach, iconic Boardwalk, Seacrets and a vast dining and nightlife scene, and highly anticipated annual events like the OC Air Show, July 4th celebrations, the multimillion dollar White Marlin Open, and Sunfest. If you’re interested in learning more about Ocean City’s past, stop by the Life-Saving Station Museum at the inlet next time you’re in town.

Inside Ocean City’s Oldest Bar

Harbor Inn is the very picture of a "hole-in-the-wall" bar. Located on the bayside of Somerset Street, it's easy to miss if passed by on a night when jukebox tunes...

From the Blog: Ocean City's History in Stories

Learning About Ocean City Today


  1. In 1970 AND 1971 my husband and I used to dock our boat at Ships Cafe Marina. We did this for a number of years. We also ate great meals in the cafe. I thought at one time Ships Cafe Marina had changed it’s name to Hannah’s. Did this happen. For some reason I feel Ships Cafe Marina changed it’s name to Hannah’s around 1972 or so. Thank you

  2. Do you have any history about:

    1. A place (probably a bar) called “The Barge” that was moored at 32nd street during the 1970s. It was actually a barge.’
    2. A Staten Island Ferry … the “Knickerbocker” … was also moored near 32nd street in the 1960s to early 1970s. She was apparently someones’ brainchild to serve as a floating shopping “mall”. What happened to her?

    Best Regards,



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